This is common in industries where the workload can spike during certain times of the year, like the winter holiday months in warehouses, retail, and shipping.
Its publication changed the prevalent views in the United States, where child abuse was previously seen as uncommon, and not a regular issue.
In 1974, the United States Congress passed the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA), which provides funds to states for development of Child Protective Services (CPS) and hotlines to prevent serious injuries to children.
For those with a legal disability, you might assume that overtime hours are outlawed.
However, the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) allows the employee to opt-in to overtime as long as the job is “light-duty,” which means that it is not particularly physically taxing.
A 2019 update to the FLSA specifically exempts white collar jobs, where the worker’s duties fall into an executive, administrative, or professional capacity.
There are also special rules for volunteers, independent contractors, and seasonal workers.
This expansion was accompanied by broader requirements for reporting abuse: previously reports were only submitted when an incident caused serious physical injury, but as the definitions changed, more minor physical injuries and developmental and psychological trauma began to be included as well.
In 2015-16, of the total number of notifications (355,935), 164,987 cases (involving 115,024 children) of child abuse were investigated or were in the process of being investigated.
These laws and the media and advocacy coverage and research brought about a gradual change in societal expectations on reporting in the United States and, at different rates, in other western nations.
Originally created to respond to physical abuse, reporting systems in various countries began to expand to address sexual and emotional abuse, neglect, and exposure to domestic abuse.
Most victims were in the 7–14 years group (17,738). 36% of all investigations were substantiated, with a further 8% of investigations where maltreatment remained suspected by the worker at the conclusion of the investigation and a further 5% with a risk of future maltreatment.