carbon 14 ----------------------------------- No, NOT Carbon 14, Carbon 14 dating CAN ONLY BE USED is living (or once living) things.
Carbon 14 dating is based on the absorption of atmospheric carbon by living things.
When the thing dies it no longer takes in carbon from the atmosphere through processes such as eating or respiration and levels of C14 in the body deplete due to the natural process of radioactive decay.
Also anything which is too old (such as several hundred thousand years or more) can't be carbon dated because the carbon 14 will have decayed away to undetectable levels. When they die, they stop absorbing carbon 14 and the isotope then decays.
Form the time of death of the organism, the quantity of C14, as a proportion of the total carbon in the organism declines and, measuring that decrease allows the age (or time of death) of the organism to be determined.
It is possible, though, to use carbon-14 dating if there are remnants of organic matter that was trapped under a lava flow.
Things that don't contain carbon (such as many types of rock) can't be carbon dated.Yet, you’ve heard the news: Earth is 4.6 billion years old. That corn cob found in an ancient Native American fire pit is 1,000 years old. Geologic age dating—assigning an age to materials—is an entire discipline of its own.In a way this field, called geochronology, is some of the purest detective work earth scientists do.It can date carbon artifacts for upto 60,000 years. It decays with Beta Minus (B-) decay with a half-live of about 5700 years.C-14 decays to non radioactive nitrogen-14 with half life of 5730 years. Carbon-14 is in living things in a specific ratio of Carbon-14 to Carbon-12.Carbon 14 dating can only be used on objects which were once living things (plant or animal) because nothing else has a known starting composition of carbon 14 and is less than 50,000 or so years old. Carbon-14 isotope dating is only effective up to about 70,000 years. Elements with much longer half-lives are used to radiometrically date rock associated with dinosaur remains.